An Overview of Spinal Cord Injuries (Part A)

There are many different types of injuries that you can sustain in an accident in Clarksburg. In most cases, your body is resilient enough to eventually heal itself completely. However, one major exception involves spinal cord injuries.

Who Suffers Spinal Cord Injuries

According to SpinalInjury.net, nearly half a million Americans suffer from some type of spinal cord injury. About 10,000 such injuries are reported every year - and more than 4 out of every 5 of these afflict men between the ages of 16 and 30. Some of these spinal cord injuries heal completely with time and treatment, but others result in lasting paralysis to some or even most of the body.

There are various ways that you can suffer spinal cord injuries. Some of the most common include: 

  • motor vehicle accidents;
  • slip and fall accidents;
  • sports injury;
  • assault or other violence;
  • boating accidents; or
  • falling debris incidents. 


Spinal cord injuries fall into one of two classifications. An incomplete injury means that though the spinal cord may be damaged, it can still convey messages to and from the brain. But a complete injury results in a total loss of communication between the brain and spinal cord and usually leads to full dysfunction in the area of the body below the injury.

The Spinal Cord and Vertebrae

The spinal cord and the brain make up the body's central nervous system. There are numerous nerves in the spinal cord which transport the messages to and from the brain along the tract of the spine. Countless more spinal nerves spread from the spinal cord throughout the entire body.

Rings of bone called vertebrae surround the spinal cord and protect it from external forces. These vertebrae sit atop one another and make up the spinal column, which helps support the body's torso. But if any of these vertebrae are damaged, fragments of bone or disc could disperse into the spinal cord and cause severe injury or trauma.

These bone or disc fragments do not have to sever the spinal cord in order for spinal cord injuries to occur.
In most cases, the spinal cord fractures or compresses - which is enough to affect the spinal nerves and prevent them from carrying their important sensory messages to the rest of the body.

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